Rodatycze (Ukrainian: ????????, Rodatyczi, formerly ??????????, Horodiatyczi) - a village located in the Gródek region in the Lviv region of Ukraine, on the Tarnogród Plateau. In the Second Polish Republic, the village was the seat of the rural commune of Rodatycze. A lot of the research on line is in Polish.
The first mention of the village comes from 1445. The village belonged to the property of the Gródek County. The owners were the Austrian government, Jan Machan and Antonina Mirska, who in 1890 handed over the property to the Congregation of the Sisters of Providence in Lviv, which she founded. This ownership status was maintained until September 1939. From the second half of the 19th century, the village had a railway connection.
In 1904, the village had 2,177 inhabitants, and in 1929, the village was inhabited by 2,561 inhabitants. There was a Roman Catholic church. St. Trinity and the Greek Catholic Church. The land owners were: Józef Habuda and W?adys?aw Ostrowski, he traded in cattle - H. Egort, the blacksmith was - J. Kaliciak, the mill was run by - L. Biernat, there was an Agricultural Circle, the shoemaker was - J. Kaniak. In the interwar period, only the Roman Catholic church remained, and the Uniate parish ceased to exist.
In September 1939, German planes bombed the railway station, including the Battle of Jaworów. After the village was occupied by the USSR, a transit camp was organized for NKVD* [forerunner of the KGB and FSB] prisoners. Massacre of the NKVD prisoners https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NKVD
The village of Rodatycze is located a bit in the back, on the left side of the main road from S?dowa Wisznia to Gródek Jagiello?ski and further to
*NKVD = The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs, established in 1917 by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Disbanded in 1930. Reinstated in 1934, known as the secret police and undertook massive executions.Rodatycze - https://www.wikizero.com/pl/Rodatycze
Radoszyce -is another town in Poland, four hours away.
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In the late autumn of 1939, after the Invasion of Poland, the unit of Major Henryk Dobrza?ski operated in the area of Radoszyce. Local Home Army units were commanded by Jan Stoi?ski [pl], who was later replaced by Jan Pacak. In the late 1941 and early 1942, Jews of Radoszyce were murdered by Germans in the Holocaust. Since the village was a major center of Polish resistance, German occupiers decided to take their revenge on its population.
On September 3 – 4, 1944, Radoszyce was surrounded by the Wehrmacht. All residents were ordered to gather in the market square, and Germans began the massacre. They managed to kill 19 residents, when local Home Army units attacked the Wehrmacht, forcing it to retreat. After the battle, however, the village was completely destroyed.
On September 29, 1944, near the village of Gruszka, one of the largest battles of Polish resistance took place.
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Radoszyce [Polish] Radoshyci [Ru] Rodatyczi / Horodiatyczi Sanok District, present day SE Poland Click to enlarge map
Lemko Surnames cited by Krasovs'kyj from 1787 Austrian Cadastral Records ...item 41. Maykowicz / Majkovych
Radoshytsi / Radoszyce, LDS Film 0766045 &076604, was a village about 10 miles south of Repid'. There are no 'original inhabitants' in the village either - all gone . . . Here is a brief summary from his extensive research of 1944 - 46, from the book 'Dolya Lemkivsczyny' (The Fate of Lemkivshchyna) by Ivan Olenych, Toronto, 1993. Ivan is a dear man who couldn't stand the injustice of having his people & villages wiped out without a trace. Translation assistance provided by Oleh Iwanusiw.
There were 186 'numbered homes' in the village
Number of villagers: 985 including ~20 gypsies (Romas ?) and ~30 Jews. Of those 985:
717...were sent to USSR
80.....were 'transplanted' during Akcja Wisla (Operation Vistula)
71.....emigrated to USA/Canda
13.....drafted and died in the USSR army
10 ....died as fighters of the Ukrainian Insugent Army
3.......murdered by Polish army
1.......executed by Ukrainian Insugent Army for cooperating with Polish army
Of the 186 'numbered homes' in the village:
63.....were destroyed during WWII
4.......burned down by Polish army 1946-7
57.....taken apart or otherwise destroyed
12.....homes remained, including the church
Surnames: Maykovicz / Majkovyc:
House #28, Hryhorij Majkovyc (Kacura) 9 members to USSR
House #50, Teodor Majkovyc (Kacura) 10 members to USSR
House #63 Marija Majkivyc (Majkovuc) 4 members to USSR
House #101 Andrij Majkovyc (Myvcashky) 8 members to USSR & Siberia
House #134 Andrij Majkovyc (Myvcacky) 4 members to USSR
Out of Majkovyczes - 2 died as fighters of Ukrainian Insugent Army and 2 died in the USSR army.
The following review of the book 'Dolya Lemkivsczyny' (The Fate of Lemkivshchyna) by Laurence Krupnak:
"Ivan provides a detailed history of his home village, Radoshytsi, from the start of this century until its depopulation during Operation Vistula. This small paperback book impressed us with both the author's observations of pre-WW II village life and the attention to detail in his list of village family surnames, first names, house numbers and the village house names (because our Rusyn / Ukrainian ancestors in the Carpathians had a custom of almost always giving their family home a distinctive name that sometimes referred back to a former ancestor's name. This house name was rarely the same as the family's legal surname. History has all but lost these house names, but our parents and grandparents coming from the old country would often refer to their neighbors and relatives more so by these house names than by their legal family surnames.
"Here is a list of 186 family surnames (transliterated from cyrillic) of the Ukrainian / Lemko village Radoshytsi (Radoszyce):
Nohay, Krups'kyj, Borshch, Lytvyn, Parashchak, Lapihuska, Blyshchak, Sharak, Lannyk, Kuntsiv, Lentsio, Rudyk, Kutsynda, Patrosh, Shveda, Huch, Shapochka, Maykovych, Makhyj, Ostafiv, Myrha (Mirha) Mirga, Zabieha, Luchka, Liakh, Jarosh, Skryp, Lyn'ko, Dryhan, Doroshchak, Pashko, Kokholyk, Kazio, Tsyliokh, Spyrdz, Jurashka, Shpak, Shkola, Olenych, Monts, Fytsak, Tutkanych, Makara, Barniak, Ternavskyj, Liakhovskyj, Father Makar, Tkhoryk, Kokhyna, Rizun, Buryk, Savka, Shchavynskyj, Halushchak, Holyk, Platko, Uram, Kamarets, Komanetskyj, Fytsynka, Pyshniak, Hulych, Prystash, Yatsykanych, Kahan (Kohan), Rizbar, Matsko, Josafat, Kozak, Kadelyak (Kadylak), Polomatskanych, Harhay, Hiha, Hryvka, Duhanych, Medvid', Zakshevskyj, Zhuk, Kukhta,....
"Gypsy families: Tsyhan, Pakhnievych, Ambrokh, Fynio,
"Jewish families: Surmay, Makhtul, Marymka, Pin'ko, Diklia, Hynets, Dupak"